Page 16 of SEATIC Psychological Warfare Bulletin No. 182, provided on Aug. 11 by NIKH. “The [Japanese] army established licensed public comfort houses immediately after occupation in an effort to combat rape, but it continued to be common and led many of the Malaysian women to cut their hair short and dress like men,” it reads. Download the document here.

Kim Hak-sun

Kim Hak-sun was the first woman to come forward about the plight of the comfort woman. As the first to share her story, she helped to bring to the public’s attention the issue of Japanese sex slavery during the Pacific War when she went public with her story in August, 1991.

Jan Ruff O’Herne

Ruff-O’Herne was born in 1923 in Bandoeng in the Dutch East Indies, a former Southeast Asian colony of the Dutch Empire. During the Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies, O’Herne and thousands of Dutch women were forced into hard physical labor at a prisoner-of-war camp…

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